8th APB Forum, 2019 Fall
Human-Centered and Trustworthy AI Technology
● Laws and Programs in Korea Data Protection
Hyun-joon Kwon (Korea Internet & Security Agency, Korea)
Korea has implemented various systems for personal information protection, which are based on 「Personal Information Protection Act」 and 「Act on Promotion of Information and Communications Network Utilization and Information Protection, etc」. For instance, they are to search and delete post including personal information in Internet websites, to assess personal information protection level in public sector, to inspect management status of personal information protection in specific private sector, and ePrivacy clean service. This presentation will introduce the outline and the major outcome of them.
● Kakao Algorithm Ethics
Daewon Kim (Kakao Corporation)
The Kakao Algorithm Ethics is to express our will to develop AI algorithm considering Kakao’s own principles and philosophy. It is also kind of our own assurance saying that all the members of Kakao will constantly pay an effort to meet the social expectations on the company’s ethical aspects. We did not come up with a new idea. In fact, the Kakao Algorithm Ethics Charter is an organised set of rules that represents what we have already been keeping in line, our company’s principles and philosophy.
● Discussions on Problems and Ways to Further International Cooperation
Beomsoo Kim (Yonsei University) & Representatives from Asia
● AI: A Gigant Standing on the Shoulders of Giants
Sung-Bae Cho (Yonsei University, Korea)
Isaac Newton left an impressive statement as "if I have seen further than others, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants."
These days we are observing another giant called artificial intelligence (AI) which provides us with a lot of opportunites and challenges
at the same time. In this short talk, I will briefly introduce the truth of AI with some examples of the most successful manifestation such as
IBM Watson and Google AlphaGo. Several issues and the future of AI will be followed for further discussion.
● The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence and its Technical Implementation Trends
Myung-Joo Kim (Seoul Women’s University, Korea)
The ethics has been discussed for the sustainable growth of AI. Recently OECD council expressed the inclusive growth as a recommendation feature for trustworthy AI. Fairness is one of the essential requirements for inclusive growth. Many countries and institutions are attempting technical implementation for improving the fairness of AI.
● Smitha Krishna Prasad (Centre for Communication, India)
Privacy in India: From Fundamental Rights to the Data Economy
The nature and impact of the right to privacy in India has been a subject of much discussion over the past few years. In 2017 the country's Supreme Court confirmed that the right to privacy is indeed a fundamental, inalienable right. However, two years later, the country is still discussing how we can best protect data privacy, and identifying the factors that are most relevant. In this discussion, we will look at some of these factors - privacy, security, economy - and walk through the policy and law making processes that impact the right to privacy in India.
● Rejyl B. Siang (National Privacy Commission, Philippines)
The Data Privacy Act (2012): Operationalizing Transparency and Consent in Automated Decision-Making
I will discuss the General Data Privacy Principles as defined in Philippine Law and show how this is essential for Consent as a legal basis for processing personal information.
I will cover challenges that Philippine organizations have encountered in complying with the Transparency criteria in automated decision-making and what some remediation action steps are available to them.
Finally, I will present examples on how Transparency or the lack thereof has caused issues for data subjects and how personal information controllers/processors can show robust operational compliance within the Philippine legal framework.
● Junichi Ishii (Personal Information Protection Commission, Japan)
How the Personal Information Protection Commission Pursues Cross Border Flows of Personal Data in a Free and Safe Manner
Current personal data flow between the European Union and Japan is marked by several regulations with multiple criteria and a number of supplementary rules. Japan has been an active member of the APEC CBPR and recognizes the advantages and possibilities of this system. The CBPR system provides various benefits, such as effective enforcement and remedies, which will facilitate personal data flow with adequate protection and provide groundwork for future global certification mechanisms
● Duncan Lee (Institute for Information Industry (III), Taiwan)
The Latest Privacy Legal Development in Taiwan and its Current Progress in APEC CBPR System
Taiwan has been implementing Personal Information Protection Act for almost 7 years since Oct. 1st, 2012. Some objectives were achieved while there are still many issues to be solved as well. Furthermore, we’re seeking for playing more important role in APEC Cross-Border Privacy Rules System, such as designation of “Accountability Agent” and thus recognized by APEC. The presentation will introduce the development of privacy legal system in Taiwan and its current progress in international connection.
● Jaesuk Yun (Korea Internet & Security Agency, Korea)
APEC CBPR Main Contents and Future Plan
CBPR certification system is very effective to assure the level of personal information protection in case of cross border transfer of personal information. Since Korea joined the CBPR and applied for Accountability Agent, the implementation of CBPR is under way. This presentation will introduce the comparison between CBPR and the law of Korea, the background and expected effect of CBPR implementation, and the detailed operation scheme.
● Ouk Heo (Facebook, Korea)
Privacy Implications for the Use of AI and Strategies to Mitigate Risks - Perspectives from Facebook
Provide an insider view on how Facebook practices accountability in the context of building AI applications and to discuss how Facebook is approaching a couple of its important and challenging aspects: (1) how we keep the data involved in the building of AI safe; and (2) how to build fair and unbiased AI.
● Sinta Dewi Rosadi (Padjadjaran University, Indonesia)
Personal Data and AI: Building Responsible and Trust
Artificial intelligence (AI) and its application has bring many can benefit society such as the ability to boost productivity, transform business and boost the economy however if its apply irresponsible then it will in conflict with privacy due the application rely on the collection, processing and sharing of large amount personal data. The Challenge how the regulation will balance this phenomena.